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Strategies of adaption and dissociation
Islamic missionary groups from South Asia in the European diaspora – the Tablighi Jama’at and the Da’wat-i Islami

Islamic Training Institutes in Germany
links to Training Institutes in the Middle East and Europe

Between participation and disengagement
The Muslim minority and its schools in South Africa and Europe

Islamism, the Reform of Islam, and Civil Religion in France

„Pioneers of 'Euro-Islam'“?
The role of Muslim women in the Milli Görüs. Crossed views: Germany-Turkey

The Ahmadiya in Germany
Areas of conflict between Islamic identity and secular embedment


The Ahmadiya in Germany

Areas of conflict between Islamic identity and secular embedment

, University of Halle

Zentrum der Tablīghī Jamā'at in Dewsbury, GB

The topic of this study is the reformist movement of the Ahmadiya, whose members are assessed as heretics by their critics. The movement is divided between the more traditional majority and the reformist subgroup (“Lahoris”).
Despite its long presence in Germany and other European countries and its public missionary enthusiasm, the Ahmadiya has hitherto been something of an unknown entity. The aim of the subproject is to further conscious recognition of the Ahmadiya in Germany and to ease contact through more transparency.

Up to now the Ahmadiya has rarely been a subject of investigation. There is a continuous flow of publications on the Ahmadiya in Paskistan from the community itself as well as from various human rights organisations. No detailed scientific research has been published since the beginning of the 1990s. Most of the material is provided by Christian groups or the Ahmadiya itself, particularly in Germany. Neither have the Ahmadis living in Great Britain been explored in-depth up to now.

Andrea Lathan will conduct an intense investigation into the activities of the Ahmadiya in Germany, which will focus on relations with the majority society and other religious groups. An overview of the basic laws governing religious minorities, especially the Ahmadiya, will be succeeded by interviews with experts on immigration laws. How the Ahmadiya are perceived in German society and portrayed in the German media will be discussed. She will examine in restrospect how the reformist movement viewed German society.

The project compares Ahmadiya links with different countries. Great Britain seems a good choice in Europe because of its large percentage of South Asian migrants. In addition, the Ahmadiya transferred their headquarters from Pakistan to London in 1984. Outside of Europe, Andrea Lathan plans to compare the situation of the Ahmadis in India, the country of their origin, and Pakistan. Due to association with the Ahmadiya in Pakistan, which is marked by suppression, the question of reassessing the German asylum law will be discussed.

Growing political engagement can be observed in India. As in Germany and Great Britain the Ahmadiya is a minority within a minority that rejects them. Unlike Europe, the majority is not Christian, but Hindu.

The Islamic reformist movement describes its situation as continuous suppression and exclusion by other Islamic groups. C.M. Claim, an Ahmadi activist, considers this phenomenon to be the “second Tyranny” in Europe coming from Islamic countries. It will be interesting to find out how this association developed. Focusing on the network of the Ahmadiya and its opposing groups, Andrea Lathan also analyses whether it has undergone change in the European context.

A further aspect of the project is the compatibility of ideological and religious beliefs with the basic laws in Germany and Great Britain, focusing on the gender question, the right of self determination and the status of the Ahmadis as a welfare community. An analysis will be conducted on the interaction with Christian and Jewish communities and their perception of the Ahmadiya.

The project intends to contribute to a conscious perception of the manifold facets of European Muslims. Not only will answering the above-mentioned questions promote interaction with Ahmadis in Great Britain and Germany, at the same time it serves as an example of the general association with Muslim minorities in Europe.


BMBF - Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung   ZMO -Zentrum Moderner Orient   Universität Hamburg   Europa-Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)   Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

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